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Tuesday, November 24, 2020 | History

2 edition of Economics of desert locust control found in the catalog.

Economics of desert locust control

Claudia A. Herok

Economics of desert locust control

  • 191 Want to read
  • 30 Currently reading

Published by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit, Distributed by TZ-Verlagsgesellschaft in Eschborn, Rossdorf .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Desert locust -- Control -- Economic aspects.,
  • Desert locust -- Control.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references (p. 49-54).

    StatementClaudia A. Herok, Stephan Krall.
    ContributionsKrall, S.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsSB945.D44 H476 1995
    The Physical Object
    Pagination69 p. (1 folded) :
    Number of Pages69
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17126417M
    ISBN 103880855099


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Economics of desert locust control by Claudia A. Herok Download PDF EPUB FB2

Herok C. Krall S () Economics of desert locust control. Roßdorf: TZ-Verl-Ges, 70 pp Google Scholar Krall S () Importance of locusts and grasshoppers for African agriculture and methods for determining crop by: 6.

Considerations from an initial study of the economics of locust control are presented. The 9 sections are: introduction; distribution and economic significance of the desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria); organization of control measures; control strategies and methods; methodology for economic analysis; campaigns between and ; an alternative approach; discussion and by: In the late eighties large-scale control operations were carried out to control a major desert locust upsurge in Africa.

For the first time since the banning of organochlorine pesticides these operations relied mainly on non-persistent pesticides such as organophosphates and pyrethroids. The amount of pesticides sprayed and the area covered were probably the highest in the history of locust.

The draft was thoroughly examined by Dr. Zelazny, a distinguished desert locust expert, whose comments improved my knowledge on desert locust control in general and the accuracy of technical terms in particular.

The draft underwent similar rigor in checking by my colleagues Dr. Bezabih Emana and Diemuth Pemsl. Desert Locust Guidelines 2 Control 3 Desert Locust Guidelines Control process CONTROL PROCESS A logical approach is required in order to avoid unnecessary, wasteful, dangerous and ineffective control operations.

When locusts are found, there are a series of steps that need to be followed before, during and after the control operations (see Fig. Brader L, Djibo H, Faye FG () Towards a more effective response to desert locusts and their impacts on food insecurity, livelihoods and poverty.

In: Proceedings independent multilateral evaluation of the – Desert Locust Campaign. FAO, Rome Google Scholar. Prior to the establishment of DLCO-EA, there existed the Desert Locust Survey (DLS) and Control, which was a Department of East African Common Services Organization.

Djibouti - CP The Republic of Djibouti, located in north-eastern Africa, lies on the western shore of the Economics of desert locust control book of Aden. The Desert Locust is considered to be one of the most dangerous pests threatening crop production and food security.

It could be defined as being the oldest registered pest because of the danger it poses and because of its great ability to live and breed under various ecological and climatic regimes in areas covering 29 million square kilometers from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to India and.

Government's locust control policy focuses on chemical spray alone, says farm expert 01 Jun,PM IST. There is no doubt that the locust attack is a menace that cannot be ignored, but along with locust control, it must also be ensured that the control measures do not pollute air, water, environment and food chain, Haryana-based Kudrati Kheti Abhiyan Advisor Rajinder.

Funded by the Government of the People’s Republic of China, this delivery is part of the FAO-China South-South Cooperation Program Support to FAO’s Global Action on the Control of the Desert Locust Project, which aims to curb the spread of the desert locust in the focus countries by sharing modern technologies, applying effective techniques.

Economics of desert locust control. See Ref. 65, pp. – Krall S, Peveling R, Diallo DB. New Strategies in Locust Control.B a s e l,S w i t z. The desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria (Forskål) (Orthoptera: Acrididae), is usually a solitary insect that occurs in desert and scrub regions of North Africa, the Sahel, the Horn of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and southwestern Asia ().During the solitary phase, when major desert locust activity is in recession, desert locust populations are sparse and pose no economic threat.

desert locust control methods were used which were not successful. Newer technologies in the form of pesticides, ULV spraying, GPS, GIS tools, Satellite data imagery, RAMSES and elocust2 with the computers have been introduced for quick data management and analysis for planning desert locust control.

The impact of newer technologies for locust. Migrating locust swarms have been identified as an important threat to agricultural populations since biblical times.

The desert locust (DL), one of the principal migratory species, breeds in semi-arid areas in a vast geographical band stretching from West Africa through the Middle East to South West Asia.

2 Current Debates on Desert Locust Control3 The current debates on DLC can be divided into two main areas: whether the focus of DLC should be on preventive action or control; and whether it makes economic sense to undertake DLC at all, rather than use insurance based approaches, or. The desert locust plague across a broad swathe of East Africa is likely to continue in November, with new swarms forming near Somalia.

But combating the outbreaks has been bedevilled by. cloud to control desert locust swarms (), economic factors may place restrictions on the type and nature of control. In addition, with the publication of rele vant books (97).

A second wave of desert locusts in Africa and Asia is threatening famine for millions as critical resources are directed towards the COVID crisis, scientists warn. Desert locusts are already swarming in East Africa and breeding in Iran and Pakistan, as well as Yemen, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) says.

The outbreak, which has. Keith Cressman, in Biological and Environmental Hazards, Risks, and Disasters, Abstract.

The desert locust is considered to be the most dangerous of all migratory pest species in the world due to its ability to reproduce rapidly, migrate long distances, and devastate crops. In order to minimize the frequency, severity, and duration of plagues, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO.

According to the Desert Locusts Control Organisation of East Africa, the locusts swarms in Kenya are immature swarms but they are some mature swarms present in. After careful study, the FAO has come up with the following reasons as to why desert locusts are so hard to control: (1) The extremely large area ( million sq.

km) within which locusts can be. Desert locust monitoring, forecasting and control are at the heart of FAO's mandate.

Its Desert Locust Information Service has been in operation for nearly 50. The United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is procuring a fleet of new aircraft it hopes will have the record desert locust swarms that have plagued East Africa under control.

"The desert locust genome provides key information that could be a complete game-changer for the developing world, and a huge economic step forward for countries struggling to. A partnership between CABI and Astral-Aerial is piloting the use of drones for the control of desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria).Funded by UK Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office through the Frontier Technologies Hub, the approach targets roosting populations of small swarms that are not feasible to spray by other means such as aircraft, or vehicle mounted sprayers.

Alongside efforts to control desert locusts, the FAO is implementing an initiative that envisaged safeguarding productive assets and livelihoods of the affected population. The organization is supporting o households with agricultural inputs, cash.

The Desert locust plagues may threaten the economic livelihood of one-tenth of the world’s humans. Desert Locust in India There is an incursion of Desert locust (belongs to the category of grasshoppers) in low to medium density since May onwards, from the border areas of Pakistan mainly in the Jaisalmer district of the Rajasthan State.

Locusts breed very fast and— a single female locust can lay egg pods containing anywhere from eggs. Locusts do not attack people or animals. Where is the current Locust outbreak. Swarms of desert locusts are threatening large areas of pastures and crops, overwhelming countries in the Horn of Africa, the Middle East, and South Asia.

Control is undertaken by government agencies in locust-affected countries or by specialized organizations such as the Desert Locust Control Organization for East Africa (DLCO-EA). The desert locust has natural enemies such as predatory wasps and flies, parasitoid wasps, predatory beetle larvae, birds, and reptiles.

In the southern Algerian Sahara, populations of the desert locust have been monitored during the past 43 years. On a limited study area, the use of remote sensing data from Landsat 7 ETM+ and Terra MODIS, coupled with the locust population database, allowed the identification and mapping of solitary desert locust breeding areas during remission periods.

Kenya’s desert locust invasion—the worst in 70 years—has mainly affected the northern region of the country and already poses a severe food security threat to about 3 million people. Swarms started crossing the border into Kenya from Ethiopia and Somalia on.

Govt steps up aerial spray of pesticide to fight locust swarms 07 Jul,PM IST. With drones already being used for control of locusts, the ministry said a Bell helicopter has been deployed in Rajasthan for use in the scheduled desert area as per the need.

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has issued an alert on the fresh desert locust invasions in Somalia that pose a huge threat to food security. The desert locust breeds well in semi-arid zones. An ideal breeding site is characterised by warmth, vegetation close by and sandy soil with moisture and salt in it.

The females usually lay their. Ethiopia: Desert Locusts drive one million to food insecurity. Desert Locusts in a sorghum field. About hectares of cropland were damaged. ©FAO — About one million individuals in Ethiopia have been affected by the Desert Locust invasion and require emergency food assistance.

Of these, about are in Somali, in Oromia. The Desert Locust crisis which struck the greater Horn of Africa region earlier this year threatening food supplies for millions, could re-escalate as recent strong winds carried mature swarmlets from southern Somalia into eastern and northeastern Kenya, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) said on Tuesday.

Funds to be spent on locust surveillance, control, farm-inputs African, Middle Eastern nations face new locusts wave in June A desert locust in Mathiakani, Kenya. FAO has, therefore, called for scaled up desert locust surveillance and control operations as the Somali populations are already facing multiple threats to food security: desert locusts, socio-economic impacts of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID).

Eritrea is making continuous effort to control Desert locust swarms coming from Ethiopia and those breeding locally starting from the end of, August According to the Migratory Pests Control. The desert locust, which is considered as the "most dangerous of the nearly one dozen species of locusts," is a major food security peril in desert areas across 20 countries, stretching from west Africa all the way to India, covering nearly 16 million square kilometers, according to.

The agency warned on Jan. 20 that, left unchecked, the number of desert locusts could grow times by June, with recent weather in East Africa favoring rapid locust reproduction.

Red Sea Desert. FAO toolbox shows how prevention, early warning and preparedness can help control desert locust and other transboundary threats. 9 April Economic Development. Sustained efforts to contain East Africa’s worst invasion of desert locusts in decades are forging ahead, despite limits on the flow of personnel and equipment stemming from the.Locusts (derived from the Vulgar Latin locusta, meaning grasshopper) are a collection of certain species of short-horned grasshoppers in the family Acrididae that have a swarming phase.

These insects are usually solitary, but under certain circumstances they become more abundant and change their behaviour and habits, becoming taxonomic distinction is made between locust and.